In 2002, William McDonough and Michael Braungart published Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things (Northpoint Press). They identify two fundamental problems. The first is that we design products to be thrown "away" when, in fact, there is no "away," and cradle-to-grave designs foul our own nest. The Earth is a finite, closed, living system, and the things we produce are not beamed to a distant galaxy but stay right here and affect the health of our planet.
About Shannon Huecker
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We interview Michael Braungart, co-author of Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things (Northpoint Press) with green architect William McDonough.