Dropping the Ball How the New Yankee Stadium Turned Parks into Parking Lots

When the Yankees opened their new stadium and pinstriped stars like Derek Jeter and Mariano Rivera ran onto the field for the first time, the cheers of delirious New York fans echoed for miles. But to environmentalists and residents in surrounding neighborhoods, a Bronx cheer seems a more appropriate response to the new Yankee Stadium project, which they say isn’t nearly green enough, grass notwithstanding.

A baseball’s throw from the storied old yard that housed the Bronx Bombers from 1923-2008, the new Yankee Stadium opened to fanfare this spring. While the park accommodates fewer spectators (52,325, including standing room), it boasts more concessionaires, restrooms and nearly double the retail space of the old haunts. There are also more luxury suites: 56 instead of 19, plus 410 “party suites.”

The high-rolling Yankees have long led the major leagues in financial clout, and New York’s new $1.3 billion home looks like a license to print money. Front-row seats sell for $2,500 each and some fans are committing to season ticket plans for as long as 10 years.

But don’t expect to see parks advocates lined up at the turnstiles. They and some of the stadium’s Bronx neighbors are furious at the Yankees and the city for building over more than 25 acres of public parkland and cutting down 377 mature trees, 70% of the local tree population in a poor area that already had a sky-high asthma rate.

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The original Macombs Dam Park in the Bronx. © Photos: Geoffrey Croft/NYC Park Advocates

“I started crying when I saw security guarding a public park that they had seized,” says Geoffrey Croft, president of New York City Park Advocates and outspoken opponent of the stadium project. “Kids were crying while they chopped down these trees with no warning whatsoever.”

Critics cite among their grievances the secretive nature of the city’s deal to allow the Yankees to pave over popular Macombs Dam and John Mullaly parks, which was negotiated and signed before the public was informed, they say. Protests and legal actions against the project were unsuccessful.

“Everybody just loves the Yankees so much that they wouldn’t even consider what the people had to say,” says Karen Argenti, a board member of the Bronx Council for Environmental Quality, which also opposed the new stadium. “There were no elected officials who would stand up for the community. It was impossible to get a fair hearing.”

As part of the deal, the Yankees and New York City promised to replace the lost open space with multiple parks that will be individually smaller but greater in total combined acreage.

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The bulldozed park.

“It’s never easy letting go of a nice old park,” says Josh Laird, assistant commissioner for planning of the New York Parks Department. “Macombs Dam Park had a nice stand of mature elm trees and others. We understand why people in the community had concerns with the project. But when we’re finished, they’ll have more and better parks.”

For instance, the old Yankee Stadium will be demolished to make room for the new Heritage Field, which will contain three fields for baseball and softball. The roof of the new stadium’s parking structure will be the new seven-acre Macombs Dam Park, replete with running track, basketball courts and fitness equipment. Other parks will have tennis courts, picnic areas, play equipment and green space.

None of the new parks are yet open. Heritage Field has suffered the greatest delay, and now looks to open in 2011.

Too little, too late, say park advocates. “These people lived across the street from a park where children had a chance to play. Now they live across from a stadium and a bunch of parking lots,” says Argenti.

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The new park.

Also maddening is the delay in tearing down the old Yankee Stadium, especially when the city’s Mets left their old park at the same time and tore down Shea Stadium (making room for a new parking lot) before the start of the 2009 season. Yankees executives finally vacated their old offices in late January 2008.

“They’ve managed to build a whole stadium for 52,000 people and all these restaurants, and they couldn’t build a little park or two? That’s kind of curious,” Argenti says.

Yankees representatives declined to comment, but the city is working to get the replacement parks open quickly and in the best possible condition, Laird says.

“We are trying as best we can to make this a green project,” says Laird. “Our stormwater management plans are much greener than those from projects in the past. We put less water into the sewer system and more to maintain our own landscape.”

To replace the lost trees, 8,000 new trees will be planted, says Laird, who also defended the use of artificial turf in some replacement parks, another move that raised environmental objections.

“To our mind, synthetic turf has many sustainable qualities to it,” he says. “[Grass] fields don’t maintain themselves. They require herbicides and pesticides, and cutting with polluting lawnmowers.”

When the Yankees broke ground for the new stadium on August 16, 2006, team owner George Steinbrenner, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Governor George Pataki attended the event in hard hats. They never heard a few dozen protestors, kept far from the ceremony by police, chanting “Save our parks.” To stadium opponents, that episode encapsulates the whole story of the new Yankee Stadium: powerful business interests getting their way with the help of politicians who disregard the community interest.

“The Yankees are really only about the Yankees,” says Argenti. “They have no wish to do anything except make money. They’ve never been a neighbor to the people of the South Bronx.”

The Mets were far more considerate, according to Argenti. “The only thing the Yankees did was agree not to use Styrofoam cups,” she says.

“Bloomberg has spent so much time and money on public relations, trying to get the city and people to believe that he’s this environmental mayor. That’s really laughable,” Croft says. His final word on the people who pushed the project forward? “They’re lowlifes,” he says. “They really are.”