1773: Captain James Cook becomes first person to cross south of the Antarctic Circle.
1820-22: 320,000 fur seals are killed in South Shetlands. Hunt collapses soon afterward.
1904: First commercial whaling operation in the Antarctic kills its first whale.
1911: Roald Amundsen leads first expedition to reach South Pole.
1912-13: Antarctic whaling fleet kills and processes 10,760 whales.
1959: Antarctic Treaty signed; comes into effect two years later.
1962: “Nukey-Poo,” first and only nuclear power plant in Antarctica, begins providing power to U.S. McMurdo Station.
1965: Lindblad Travel begins tourist expeditions to Antarctica.
1972: After years of fires, leakages and shutdowns, “Nukey-Poo” deactivated.
1982: International Whaling Commission (IWC) votes for indefinite global moratorium on commercial whaling.
1985: Scientists from British Antarctic Survey announce discovery of “ozone hole” above Antarctica.
1985-86: IWC commercial whaling moratorium comes into effect.
1987: Greenpeace establishes first-ever permanent non-governmental base on Antarctica.
1991: Antarctic Treaty nations sign Environmental Protocol in Madrid, Spain.
1994: IWC adopts Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary.
1995: Section of Larsen Ice Shelf breaks away; James Ross Island becomes circumnavigable for the first time ever.
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