Recycled Ink, Wayward Wolves and Urban Disaster

Stopping Sprawl, Reusing Printer Cartridges and Respecting Wildlife

In your article “Troubled Homecoming” in the March/April issue, it was mentioned that a 24-year-old worker, Tricia Wyman, was killed by wolves. Could I have more information on this?

—Paul Tipple, Corner Brook, NE and Mark Thompson, Inver Grove Heights, MN

Though most people believe that wolf attacks were relatively common in the 18th and 19th centuries, wildlife experts say this 1996 incident was the first documented killing of a human by wolves in North America. On April of that year, wildlife worker Patricia Wyman was attacked and killed by five adult North American gray wolves that had been living in captivity at Haliburton Forest and Wildlife Reserves Ltd. in Canada, and were not socialized to humans.

Wyman had been in the enclosure twice before, once with her supervisor and once the day before. It is not known why she entered the pen alone. Wyman’s body was later discovered by two employees.

In his investigative report, Dr. Erich Klinghammer, director of Wolf Park in Indiana, speculates that “as the curious wolves approached, and most likely circled her [Wyman], she probably tripped and fell. This is all the opportunity the wolves needed to attack, which they did.”

Bill Snape of Defenders of Wildlife says, “Hundreds of people have been in captive pens with wolves before and had no problems. I don’t see any difference with this situation, but it was very unfortunate.”


Haliburton Forest and Wildlife Reserves Ltd.
Box 202, RR 1
Haliburton, Ontario
KOM1S0, Canada
Tel. (705)754-2198

Institute of Ethology
NAWPF-Wolf Park
Battle Ground, IN 47920-4997
Tel. (765) 567-4218

How can I recycle toxic fax and inkjet cartridges?

—Hans Johnson, Enfield, CT

With built-in obsolescence as a trademark, it’s not surprising that the computer industry is a leading waste producer in the U.S. Consumers are expected to junk 150 million PCs by 2005. Until recently, one-use toner and ink cartridges were definitely part of the problem. But now many local companies are technically trained in recycling, recharging and remanufacturing cartridges, and can be located through the Yellow Pages. Another way to find them is to contact Eco-Office, a web site run by Nevada-based Recharger Magazine that lists regional contact information.

If you have a Hewlett-Packard laser jet toner cartridge, then you are eligible for the HP Planet Partners recycling program, which features a prepaid shipping label in each cartridge box, and a recycling guide. National companies that will take and sometimes buy your used cartridges for a small sum include Environmental Laser, Cartridge Recyclers, National Laser Cartridges, Ribbon Factory and Cartridge King.

Cartridge recycling is still a small operation, but it’s growing. As a result of these efforts, more than 38,000 tons of plastics and metal are saved from landfills every year.


Cartridge King, tel. (201) 986-5033
Cartridge Recyclers, tel. (714) 994-0625 (fax)
Eco-Office, tel. (702) 438-5557
Hewlett-Packard, tel. (800) 340-2445
Ribbon Factory, tel. (702) 736-2484.

What resources do you recommend to learn about combating urban sprawl?

—G. Korchowsky, Yardley, PA

Lost farmland, clogged highways, decaying urban centers—sound familiar? These are just a few of the more negative results of sprawl, which is the tendency of cities to crumble internally while they develop thriving—and ever-more removed—suburbs. These suburbs develop their own infrastructures, shopping centers and schools, and soon become “edge cities” in their own right, without any connection to the metropolises that gave them birth. The good news is that a network of anti-sprawl groups are working to protect endangered rural lands.

“What we are doing is carrying out activities to educate people about the consequences of sprawl and help them realize that steps can be taken to create smart growth,” says Tim Frank, co-chair of Sierra Club’s Campaign Against Sprawl. The campaign works to ensure that alternative transportation doesn’t get short shrift in federal legislation like the just-passed Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA).

A good place to look on the Internet is the Smart Growth Network, which has descriptions of documents, readings, case studies and links to related organizations and sites. The network also helps create national, regional and local coalitions to encourage “greener” development.

The Preservation Institute’s web site is another rich harvest of links to groups working to stop sprawl. So is The Planning Commissioners Journal’s Sprawl Resources Guide. The network is out there and, like sprawl itself, it’s growing.


Smart Growth Network,

The Preservation Institute,

Sierra Club Campaign Against Sprawl
85 Second Street, Second Floor
San Francisco, CA 94105
Tel. (626) 799-6744

Urban Ecology
405 14th Street, Suite 900
Oakland, CA 94612
Tel. (510) 251-6330